Parodontopathy or periodontal disease is a degenaritive disease of the gingiva, bone and ligaments surrounding the teeth. The treatment is called parodontal treatment and it involves scaling and root planing around the root of the tooth. With that, we are able to remove plaque and calculus (tartar) from deep periodontal pockets and to smooth the root surface to remove bacterial toxins.
Risk factors for parodontopathy can be genetic predisposition, immunodeficiency, smoking, poor hygene, inadequate nutrition, stress, older age, hormonal disbalance. You may need dental examination if some of this symptoms of parodontopathy appear gum bleeding, bad breath, loose teeth, gum recession, sensitive, red and inflammated gums
Periodondal (gum) surgery In some cases the conservative periodontal treatment is not sufficient because of the advanced loss of supporting tissue, so we have to involve surgical procedures. Sometimes, because of the difference in tееth lenght, it is necessary to remodel the gums by covering the gum reccesion with soft tissue grafting or lenghten the crown by apical replacement of the gums (gingivectomy). In cases of advanced bone loss, it is necessary to perform a bone graft in order to achieve the required bone support. The periodontal surgery aims to regenerate the supporting tissue and bring back the natural look of the gums